Saturday, January 12, 2008


Alan Paul Rouse (b.December 19, 1951 - d.August 10, 1986) was the first British climber to reach the summit of the second highest mountain in the world, K2, but died on the descent.

He was born in Wallasey and began climbing at the age of sixteen, soon climbing many of the most difficult routes in North Wales. He attended Birkenhead School from 1963 to 1970 and Emmanuel College, Cambridge until 1973. At Cambridge he was distracted from his studies by climbing and by his hedonistic life-style. He was a highly sociable, but heavy drinker; by his own admission he was a 'womaniser', and liked to 'live on the edge'. As a result he only managed to gain an ordinary pass degree in Mathematics, despite showing early promise in the subject. On leaving Cambridge he worked periodically in teaching but was often away on climbing expeditions. He eventually became a professional mountaineer, lecturing, guiding, writing and acting as an adviser to the outdoor equipment trade. He moved to Sheffield in easy reach of the rocks of the Peak District. Rouse became a highly experienced climber in places as far afield as Scotland, North Wales, Patagonia, Peru, the Alps, the Andes, New Zealand and Nepal. He was also elected vice-president of the British Mountaineering Council.

In 1980, Rouse, Dr Michael Ward and Chris Bonington were among the few Europeans to visit the high mountains of China, reopening some of these to foreign mountaineers. In the winter of 1980–81, Rouse led a British expedition to attempt Mount Everest by the west ridge, without using oxygen or Sherpas. The trip was not successful, but in the summer of 1981 he climbed Mount Kongur, a hitherto unclimbed peak in western China, with Bonington, Joe Tasker and Peter Boardman.

K2 is regarded as a much more difficult climb than Mount Everest and has a high fatality rate. In 1983, Rouse made his first attempt on K2 with an international team by a new route up the south ridge.

In 1986, Rouse returned as the leader of a British expedition and obtained a permit to climb the difficult West Ridge, instead of the conventional Abruzzi ridge. After they had made several unsuccessful attempts to establish camps on their chosen route, the British team members – apart from Rouse and Jim Curran, a cameraman – left.

Rouse's expedition was not the only one facing difficulties that summer on K2. An American expedition to the South-South-West Ridge suffered two casualties --John Smolich and Alan Pennington were killed in an avalanche on June 21, after which their teammates left the mountain. Lilliane and Maurice Barrard, French climbers, disappeared on their descent on June 24 after successfully summiting. A Polish climber, Tadeusz Piotrowski, fell to his death after a successful summit of the Central Rib of the South Face, on July 10. On July 16, Renato Casarotto fell into a crevasse, after an unsuccessful attempt at climbing the South-South-West Ridge, and died later that day after being pulled out. Wojciech Wroz, a Polish climber, died during his descent on August 3-4, after a successful ascent of the South-South-West Ridge. On August 4, Mohammed Ali (Sirdar, or leader ,of a South Korean expedition's high-altitude porters) was killed by stonefall on the Abruzzi Ridge. Difficult weather conditions caused many other injuries and near-fatalities throughout the summer.[1]

While Rouse and the British expedition attempted the West Ridge, other expeditions had also been trying various routes, with and without oxygen. After his fellow team members left the mountain, Rouse and six climbers from these expeditions decided to join forces to try the conventional route without a permit. There were four Austrian men, a Polish woman, Dobroslawa Miodowicz-Wolf, and a British woman, Julie Tullis.

They reached Camp IV at (8,157 metres, 26,760 feet), the final staging post before the summit. For reasons that are still unclear, this impromptu team decided to wait a day before trying the final stage to the summit. On the following day, it was obvious that the weather was deteriorating, but Rouse and Wolf set out for the summit. Wolf quickly tired and dropped back, whilst Rouse continued. Because he was breaking the trail alone, two of the Austrian climbers, Willi Bauer and Alfred Imitzer, caught up with him and the three reached the summit together on August 4, 1986.

On the way down, they found Wolf asleep in the snow and persuaded her to descend. They also met another of the Austrians, Kurt Diemberger, and Julie Tullis on their way up and tried to persuade them to descend. These two also summitted but very late, at 7 pm. On the descent, Tullis fell; she survived, but both Tullis and Diemberger had to spend the night in the open.

Eventually, all the climbers reached Camp IV, where a fourth Austrian, Hannes Wieser, waited. The seven waited for the storm to pass. Instead, the storm worsened with much snow, winds over 160 km/h, and sub-zero temperatures. Tullis died during the night of August 6–August 7. The other six climbers stayed for the next three days, but remained barely conscious. On August 10, the snow stopped, but the temperature dropped and the wind continued unabated. The climbers, although severely weakened, decided that they had no option but to move.

Rouse, when conscious, was in agony, and the other climbers decided to leave him to save their own lives. Blinded, Imitzer and Wieser did not descend far before succumbing. Wolf vanished later on the descent after they had found that Camp III had been blown away. Only two, Diemberger and Bauer, of the seven climbers who had originally reached Camp IV on August 4 and August 5 reached Base Camp. Diemberger and Bauer both suffered severe frostbite and lost many fingers and toes.

Alan Rouse is presumed to have died on August 10, 1986. He was survived by his girlfriend, Deborah Sweeney, who gave birth to their daughter, Holly, three weeks later. The library of the British Mountaineering Council is named in honour of Alan Rouse.